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due to its large land area, the development of canada's

December 29, 2020

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In 1849, Canada was given the right to self-government and the country of Canada was officially established in 1867. Canada’s oil sands are found below the surface of 142,200 km2 of land, an area smaller than the state of Illinois. In addition, there have been numerous initiatives for secession. Many of Canada's major ore deposits are associated with Precambrian volcanoes. The Western Cordillera continues northwards past the Liard River in northernmost British Columbia to include the Mackenzie and Selwyn Ranges which lie in the far western Northwest Territories and the eastern Yukon Territory. [citation needed]. West of them is the large Yukon Plateau and, west of that, the Yukon Ranges and Saint Elias Mountains, which include Canada's and British Columbia's highest summits, Mount Saint Elias in Kluane National Park and Mount Fairweather in the Tatshenshini-Alsek region. The government and developers are considering future plans to add more, with about 4,600 square miles in potential land to potentially reclaim. The country's 370 miles of coastline could support the new project. The eastern portion of the country is the most industrialized but Vancouver, British Columbia, a major seaport, and Calgary, Alberta, are some western cities that are highly industrialized as well. Start studying Development of Agriculture. The furthest straight-line distance that can be travelled to Canadian points of land is between the southwest tip of Kluane National Park and Reserve (next to Mount Saint Elias) and Cripple Cove, Newfoundland (near Cape Race) at a distance of 3,005.60 nautical miles (5,566.37 km; 3,458.78 mi). Section 4 presents estimates of the total number of farms in the world, as well as by region and income group classification. In his 2007 report to the National People's Congress, Prime Minister Wen Jiabao said that China had relocated 22.9 million people to make room for its large hydroprojects. This leaves the vast majority of Canada's territory as sparsely populated wilderness; Canada's population density is 3.5 people/km2 (9.1/mi2), among the lowest in the world. The Anahim Volcanic Belt was formed as a result of the North American Plate sliding westward over the Anahim hotspot. [74][73], The easternmost point is Cape Spear, Newfoundland (47°31′N 52°37′W) 47°31′23″N 52°37′08″W / 47.523°N 52.619°W / 47.523; -52.619 (Cape Spear, Newfoundland). As the cake becomes larger, the domestic land problem is naturally solved. Major elements are the Yukon, Columbia and Fraser rivers. Bangladeshhas 42 square miles of reclaimed land along its coastlines. Nearly 90% of Canadians live within 99 miles of the U.S. border (because of harsh weather and the expense of building on permafrost in the north). The region is known for its extensive mineral reserves.[27]. Farther west is the rugged Canadian Cordillera, stretching from the Yukon Territory into British Columbia and Alberta. The Peace, Athabasca and Liard Rivers, as well as Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake (respectively the largest and second largest lakes wholly enclosed by Canada) are significant elements of the Arctic watershed. Since the end of the Cold War, there has been growing speculation that Canada's Arctic maritime claims may become increasingly important if global warming melts the ice enough to open the Northwest Passage. [73] The easternmost point of the Canadian mainland is Elijah Point, Cape St. Charles, Labrador (52°13′N 55°37′W) 52°13′01″N 55°37′16″W / 52.217°N 55.621°W / 52.217; -55.621 (Elijah Point, Labrador). [22] Prior to its colonization and heavy urban sprawl of the 20th century, this Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests area was home to large mixed forests covering a mostly flat area of land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Canadian Shield. The Peace River Valley in northeastern British Columbia is Canada's most northerly agricultural region, although it is part of the Prairies. On the West Coast, tuna stocks are now restricted. The provinces with the largest forestry industries are British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec. Because of extensive glaciation, Canada hosts more than two million lakes: of those that are entirely within Canada, more than 31,000 are between 3 and 100 square kilometres (1.2 and 38.6 sq mi) in area, while 563 are larger than 100 km2 (38.6 sq mi). It is the largest lake in the world that naturally drains in two directions. European settlement did not begin in Canada until the 1500s. With the following subcategories; Western Canada has many volcanoes and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, a system of volcanoes found around the margins of the Pacific Ocean. Throughout the Shield there are many mining towns extracting these minerals. Compared with 1850, the area of arable land in Austria has doubled. Canada is the world's second-largest country by area but its population, at slightly less than that of the state of California, is small by comparison. Canada has 7,200 square kilometres (2,800 mi2) of irrigated land (1993 estimate). The southern portions of the Shield are covered with boreal forests while the northern parts are tundra because it is too far north for trees. By This land was later divided into different provinces, one of which was Manitoba. Between the plateau and the coast is the province's largest mountain range, the Coast Mountains. 13 U.S. states share a border with Canada: Origins of the Saskatchewan Province of Canada, The Origins of British Columbia in Canada, Canada's Population Estimates, Third Quarter 2018, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affects lakes and damages forests. The nearby, but less known Temagami Magnetic Anomaly has striking similarities to the Sudbury Basin. Boreal forest covers much of the shield, with a mix of conifers that provide valuable timber resources in areas such as the Central Canadian Shield forests ecoregion that covers much of Northern Ontario. It is mostly drained by the economically important St. Lawrence River and its tributaries, notably the Saguenay, Manicouagan and Ottawa rivers. [66], The Hudson Bay watershed drains over a third of Canada. The Chilcotin Group is believed to have formed as a result of back-arc extension behind the Cascadia subduction zone. The Canadian shield is also called the mineral house. That settlement, called Port Royal, was located in what is now Nova Scotia. Canada is geologically active, having many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes, notably the Mount Meager massif, Mount Garibaldi, the Mount Cayley massif, and the Mount Edziza volcanic complex. To the west of the Canadian Shield are the central plains, or prairies. The Wrangell Volcanic Field formed as a result of subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North American Plate at the easternmost end of the Aleutian Trench. Alberta also produces 75% of Canada’s oil and is important for coal and natural gas. Canada's mineral resources are diverse and extensive. Canada's fresh water can be found in the form of rivers, lakes, groundwater, ice, and snow. The first Europeans to reach the country were likely the Vikings and it is believed that Norse explorer Leif Eriksson led them to the coast of Labrador or Nova Scotia in 1000 CE. Geographical and historical treatment of Canada, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government. [66], The southernmost part of Alberta drains into the Gulf of Mexico through the Milk River and its tributaries. Few Europeans had ever seen the northern “frozen sea.” It of… Absolute (a) and [66], Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. The only temperate rain forests in Canada are found along the Pacific Coast in the Coast Mountains, on Vancouver Island, and on Haida Gwaii, and in the Cariboo Mountains on the eastern flank of the Plateau. Suppose, when the production of steel is increased, many other auxiliary industries develop. [20] It also runs through parts of southern Quebec.[20]. 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