Chemically, macromolecules consist of long chains of small structural units or ‘building blocks’, linked covalently in a number of different ways. The cultivated hybrids have produced a considerable variety in size, color, form and numbers of showy bracts. 2.2. How Bougainvillea Spectabilis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Bougainvillea glabra 'Snow White' is a cultivated variety of Bougainvillea glabra 'Choicy' which have white bracts with greenish veins. In addition, green leaves of sweet potatoes and the outer leaves of onion showed higher reducing power and higher antioxidant activity in a Linoleic acid system as compared to cabbage, spinach, potato and crown daisy. Antioxidants, properties of Bougainvillea Glabra, which, an immensely showy, floriferous and hardy, America and it is popular plant in southern, California, Florida, the Caribbean and other, bracts the colourful bracts are in facts, spectablis were highly effective in reducing, evaluate the antioxidant activity of aq, Total phenolics and flavonoids extrac, antioxidant properties of herbs which will be helpful in the tre, plants or its constituents in pharmaceutical, Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, published by, Bougainvillea spectabilis leaves. The plants will flower for most of the year, especially in warmer climates. All rights reserved. Bougainvillea spectabilis contains pinitol, which has an insulin-like effect and has the potential for development as a treatment for diabetes. plant. It is native to Eastern South America, from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. Indian Journal of Phytopathology. Anti-diarrhoeal activity was tested in Castor oil induced diarrhea model using rats and Loperamide (3 mg/kg) was used as reference standard. This review discusses the current knowledge of the phytochemistry andin vitro andin vivo evaluations carried out using the extracts and, where appropriate, the main active components isolated from the genusBougainvillea. Sagar Institutes of Science and Technology, Bougainvillea Genus: A Review on Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology, Phytopharmacology Profile of Bougainvillea glabra: An Overview, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF IRANIAN BAEL (AEGLE MARMELOS) FRUIT AGAINST SOME FOOD PATHOGENS, Determination of Radical Scavenging Activity of Hydroalcoholic and Aqueous Extracts from Bauhinia divaricata and Bougainvillea spectabilis Using the DPPH Assay, Anti-diarrhoeal, anti ulcer and antimicrobial activities of leaves of Bougainvillea glabra Choisy, Antioxidant Activity and Total Phenolics in Selected Fruits, Vegetables, and Grain Products, Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] Bougainvillea glabra Choisy is an evergreen, climbing shrub with thorny stems. The phonolic content of leaves extracts was determined using Folin-coicalteau reagent.The anti-oxidant activity expressed as IC50 value and values of hydroalcoholic (50:50) and acetone extracts were 443.55 and 570.83 μg/ml respectively for DPPH free radical scavenging, 220.086 and 181.50 μg/ml respectively, for ABTS free radical scavenging and 155.96 and 173.83 181.50 μg/ml respectively for NBT superoxide scavenging activity. Antimicrobial activity was done by disc diffusion method at a concentration of 500 μg/disc of the extract, using ofloxacin (5 μg/disc) as the standard. However, when RSA was estimated it was found that stem aqueous extracts from Bougainvillea spectabilis produced more DPPH absorbance reduction (95.66%), with an IC 50 (the concentration to inhibit the oxidation of DPPH by 50%) and AP (reciprocal of IC 50) values of 0.03 μg/mL and 33.33, respectively. Some plants are used for the treatment of various health disorders. It usually grows to about 10–12 ft (3.0–3.7 m) tall and can occasionally reach up to 30 ft (9 m). This review discusses the current knowledge of the phytochemistry and in vitro and in vivo evaluations carried out using the extracts and, where appropriate, the main active components isolated from the genus Bougainvillea . Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by It can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates or bonsai. Bougainvillea is a plant that drops its leaves in winter, and when warm weather comes back in spring, it puts on new foliage. The total phenolic content, determined according to the Folinâˆ’Ciocalteu method, varied from 169 to 10548 mg/100 g of dry product. Many crosses among the various species have produced new hybrid. Leaves, Flavonoid content of several vegetables and their antioxidant activity, Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of fruits of Ficus bengalensis linn, Screening of plant species for the presence of antiviral principles against okra yellow vein mosaic virus, Evaluation of anti-oxidant activity and determination of phenolic content of leaves extracts of Bougainvillea glabra 'Snow White', Island Dreams: Songs and Lullabies Carried on the Wind (review), Appropriation and Representation: Feng Menglong and the Chinese Vernacular Story (review). Numerous phytochemical investigations of plants in this genus confirm the presence of aliphatic hydrocarbons, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, volatile compounds, phenolic compounds, peltogynoids, flavonoids, phytosterols, terpenes, carbohydrates, and betalains. Measurement of total phenolic compounds by Folin-Ciocalteu's phenol reagent indicated that 1mg of the extract contained 128.55μg equivalent of pyrocatechol, indicating the possibility of its having antioxidant property apparently due to its high phenolic content. Bougainvillea glabra … Out of 18 species, most phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological studies focused on four species with different cultivars and one hybrid. The Bougainvillea glabra bract was extracted using three ratios of methanolic solvents at 50%, 70% and 100%. Indian Journal, characterization. The antioxidant activities and total phenolics of 28 plant products, including sunflower seeds, flaxseeds, wheat germ, buckwheat, and several fruits, vegetables, and medicinal plants were determined. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. [12, 13], and propolis [5,14], each one was based on only one methodology. These results clearly suggest that, the Aegle marmelos can rightly be mentioned as a medicinal food additives of considerable interest. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. us to the need to define the pharmacological properties of a plant material in time and space. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Bougainvillea Spectabilis. Antioxidant activities of the aqueous and ethanol extracts of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] A. 1992. Among the four fractions, the ethyl acetate one showed the highest scavenging activity, with an IC(50) value of 194.98 microg/mL. cajaninstilbene acid (3-hydroxy-4-prenylmethoxystilbene-2-carboxylic acid), pinostrobin, vitexin and orientin, were examined by a DPPH radical-scavenging assay and a beta-carotene-linoleic acid test. In general, the ethyl acetate fraction of the ethanol extract showed greater activity than the main compounds in both systems, such results might be attributed to the synergistic effects of the components. PubMed:The potentiality of botanicals and their products as an alternative to chemical insecticides to sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae): a review. Names of Bougainvillea Spectabilis in various languages of … Bougainvillea glabra is a useful medicinal plant from Nyctaginaceae family finding applications in indigenous systems of medicine. Bougainvillea glabra C., Eucalyptus globules Labill., and Gnaphalium attenuatum DC., as well as propolis, have been used in Mexican traditional medicine as a remedy to treat respiratory illnesses. Bougainvillea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Bougainvillea cuttings root readily when they are taken from ripe wood, which feels firm and looks greyish-brown. In Britain it’s grown as a houseplant, typically in sunny, humid conservatories and greenhouses, where conditions mimic those of its native subtropical habitat. (C) 2000 Society of Chemical Industry. PubMed:Immunomodulation of RAW 264.7 murine macrophage functions and antioxidant activities of 11 plant extracts. The results were analysed statistically by regression method. Total phenolic content was expressed as tannic acid equivalent and 1.437 and 1.284 mg/0.005 g of dried extract of hydroalcoholic (50:50) and acetone extract respectively. The correlation between total phenolic content and anti-oxidant activity was determined to be R2= 0.9362. Even though there are a number of antibacterial studies of . ... is an urgent need to study the screening of antimicrobial properties of herbs, which will be helpful in the treatment of several diseases caused by … Keywords: Antioxidant activity; phenolics; medicinal plants; oilseeds; buckwheat; vegetables; fruits; wheat products. Because of the astonishing beauty of it's flowers it has been distributed all around the world, grown in many gardens in warm regions and kept as houseplant wherever it is too cold. Polysaccharides are similarly derived from the union of simple sugar units, such as glucose, joined through ether (—O—) links. All content in this area was uploaded by Neha Sahu on Mar 03, 2016, Free radicals are chemical entities that can, proteins and DNA are susceptible to atta, research field with endless potential and is, physiological role in the body. The genus Bougainvillea, in the Nyctinaginacea family of plants, has 14 species (Wang, 2002). The storage test showed that green leaves of sweet potatoes stored at 4-10 degrees C maintained better quality than those stored at room temperature. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The macromolecules of plants are distinguished from all other constituents by their high molecular weight. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a shrubby climbing perennial plant native to South America. In order to scientifically appraise some of the folkloric uses of Bougainvillea glabra Choisy, the present study was undertaken to examine the anti-diarrhoeal, antiulcer and antimicrobial activities of acetone, ethanolic and aqueous extract of leaves. The leaf blade is ovate to ovate-lanceolate, pointed or briefly pointed, 5 to 13 centimeters long and 3 to 6 centimeters wide, sparsely fluffy hairy on the underside and bald on the top. The leaves of bougainvillea have anti-inflammatory properties. The plant specimens were collected from Cuernavaca (Morelos, Mexico). The results showed that both green and purple leaves of sweet potatoes (185.01 and 426.82 mg kg(-1) respectively) and the outer leaves of onion (264.03 mg kg(-1)) possessed higher amounts of flavonoids, and more than 85% of free radical scavenging activities were evaluated by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide and hydroxyl radicals. In the beta-carotene-linoleic acid test, the inhibition ratio (%) of the ethyl acetate fraction (94.13%+/-3.41%) was found to be the highest, being almost equal to the inhibition capacity of the positive control BHT (93.89%+/-1.45%) at 4 mg/mL. PubMed:Experimental effect of feeding on Ricinus communis and Bougainvillea glabra on the development of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. Review of the aforementioned book by Shuhui Yang. In scientific classification of Bougainvillea, Family … The leaves are employed by traditional healers for their anti-inflammatory properties. Aegle marmelos has been widely used in traditional systems of medicine for a variety of diseases. Out of 18 species, most phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological studies focused on four species with different cultivars and one hybrid. Yosef S, Raymond L Jand Gunter C M (2001). Richard Morris. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. PubMed:Experimental effect of feeding on Ricinus communis and Bougainvillea glabra on the development of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. In the DPPH system, the antioxidant activity of the ethanol extracts was superior to that of the aqueous extracts, with IC(50) values were 242.01 and 404.91 microg/mL, respectively. ( 2001 ) thorny stems and treat sore throat bougainvillea glabra properties of medicine for treating common ailments, from Brazil west... It contains a number of silly mistakes ( Morelos, Mexico ) 2001 ) valuable ornamental plant with uses... 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