The initial hull as planned was very light (7000 tons empty). The Kirov, 1941 is a rank IV Russian light cruiser with a battle rating of 5.7 (AB/RB/SB). Later, the second serie Gorky and Molotov had Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults; but no plane was ever fitted to them, the all four ships stayed without plan provision. These missiles, nicknamed carrier killers gave the newly formed Project 1144 a potent armament. ww2dbase In 1933, the Soviet Union began the Second Five-Year Plan program which aimed to bolster the Soviet Navy. We can also the door through which her towed array is deployed. Since Soviet navy deployed battle groups to protect their submarines, a potent vessel was needed to replace the Svredlov and lead a wide variety of vessels into combat. A fifth vessel named Admiral Kunetsov was laid down but scrapped on the ways due to the collapse of the Soviet Union. This second class was closely modelled after the previous Kirov. For ASW protection, a double bottom extended longer than the belt, with armored traverse bulkheads and a fine longitudinal bulkhead which stopped flooding but this by no means prevented serious torpedo damage. The Maxim Gorkiy repaired in Kronstadt (cc). The 4 Virginia class cruisers were entering service at roughly the same time as the Kirovs, but were no where close to the firepower the Kirovs packed. These B-1-P guns fired a 97.55-kilogram (215.1 lb) shell at 900â920 m/s (3,000â3,000 ft/s) muzzle velocity. Impressed by this firepower increase, the Soviet committee approved the blueprints on November 1934 as Project 26. The Russian Kirov Class Heavy Missile Cruise Ship are the world's largest 'cruisers' and might best be termed "battle cruisers". The Ansaldo company, responsible for the Condotierri class was contacted, and an agreement was signed. Required fields are marked *. The vessels sport a number of changes specific to the unit. (Credits-On the pic). The Project 26bis ships (Gorkiy class) carried the same turrets with with improved 21-K mounts. Třída Kirov byla třída těžkých křižníků sovětského námořnictva, o jejichž stavbě bylo rozhodnuto v roce 1934, přičemž lodě byly konstruovány s technickou pomocí Itálie.Byly to první nové velké válečné lodě, které Sovětský svaz postavil od bolševické revoluce. Dispersion was abysmal when firing simultaneously, whereas the rate of fire fell to two rounds per minute instead of six promised by the Italian engineer. Honestly, Sverdlov class cruisers would be more usefull as they would still be an advanced ships (although not as nearly ROFL stompy as Kirov), but one that Soviets could actually maintain. It is speculated that she would receive UKSK universal VLS, around 64 modules could be fitted instead of the Granits, thus greatly increasing the firepower at the cost of a massive reduction in the maximum effective range at which the vessel can destroy targets. They were followed by Kaganovich (June 1944) and Kalinin (1943), started both in 1939 at Komsomolsk. They were a very peculiar design, being essentially light cruisers with a 7-in artillery. As a result, with a lack of competent engineers and experience, while Soviet industry was not capable of designing such a large and complex vessel, foreign assistance was sought out. Air defense is provided by twelve octuple S-300F launchers with 96 missiles and a pair of Osa-MA batteries with 20 missiles each. Comments Flying very low and at speeds over Mach 3 in the terminal phase made intercepting them with 1970s tech nearly impossible. The Kirovs carried two aircraft, but with imported German catapults. Ships of the Soviet Navy: Slava class | Battle Machines, The Bismarck of the Pacific | Cold War Samurai – The 14th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 1987 - 1991, Arleigh Burke & Ticonderoga classes: How 60-100 UVLS became a norm? Air defense is provided by twelve octuple S-300F launchers with 96 missiles and a pair of Osa-MA batteries with 20 missiles each. They served until the end of the 1960s alongside the following Sverdlov class, the last Soviet conventional cruisers, in service until the 1990s for some. In the end the engine compartment was horribly cramped. Kirov class cruisers had armor 50-150mm. She survived the war, withdrawn from active service in 1958. It was supposed to be nuclear powered and hence was designated as Nuclear Antisubmarine Cruiser. Commissioned before or during the war, they saw heavy action and were scrapped in the 1960s and 70s. Required fields are marked *. Repaired with the bow from the suspended Frunze, she resumed service at the end of 1944. Thus a total of 96 cells for S300 missiles can be carried. It is also possible that the sanctions can be lifted and the dream of all 4 Kirovs back in service can be realised. Protection-wise, the belt, traverse bulkheads, barbettes and turret (face) had their armor thickened to 70 mm (2.8 in). Crew POW. Since it uses dual propulsion, the exhaust for its boilers is provided on the back side of its primary mast. Oil capacity ranged between both ships from 600 to 650 tonnes but it diverged at full load at 1,150 versus 1,660 tonnes, even 1,750. This is a unique system with its own limitations. The 50 mm belt measured 121 m (397 feet) – about 64.5% length- by 3.4 m in height (11 ft 2 in) less than half of which was below the waterline. Molotov was defending the Black Sea. Overall Project 26 design was faithful to the Italian ‘tin-clad’ armor of the time and the ship was vulnerable down to under 10 km (6.2 mi) to destroyer shells. This is surely the best sensor suite ever put up on a naval surface combatant to ever enter service during the cold war. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. Military Ships & Submarines. They were withdrawn from service in the 1960s. The ship is pretty heavy too, displacing close to 27,000 tonnes with a full load. This was on paper, after strengthening the hull and adding hundreds of tons, it sank below it. One of the first large warships designed and built in the U.S.S.R. (Project 26). A rare pic of Peter the Great firing a P-700 missile. Provision for each gun was 100 rounds, so 900 total and even more in the initial paper project. It is great to see Peter The Great still sailing the seas. 1/1800th scale Kirov class cruiser model. The vessel can support 3 helicopters which can be used for either ASW or AEW or even surface warfare. Thus when one of them is tracking a suspected target, the other one can keep looking for new targets. She was completed and launched on 26th of December 1977 and commissioned on 30th of December 1980. The need for a new vessel was realized in the late 1960s itself. She attempted to bombard Finnish coast defense guns during action in the Winter War, but was driven off by a number of near misses that damaged her. Kirovs have a unique propulsion system, a mix of nuclear propulsion and regular steam propulsion called as CONAS. The Gorkiy was completed in Ordonikidze Yard in November 1940 and the Molotov in June 1941. But she was repaired and again operational, supporting the great Leningrad counter-offensive of 1944. SR Shell weighting 1.065â2.14 kg (2.35â4.72 lb). However in April German rail artillery and field artillery added their weight to the Luftwaffe, and the cruiser underwent a real hell in April. Just like the Cleveland or London treaty type cruisers, they carried a 12 gun battery of 6-in (152 mm) quick-firing artillery, and a powerful AA to match. They were slightly larger at 17.70 m wide instead of 17.66 m (58 feets), weighting 100 tons more at 9792 tons fully loaded versus 9950 (on Voroshilov). A name made even more famous at the peak of the cold war in the 1980s with the arrival of a class of giant missile battlecruisers. The bow has a large sonar dome for sub hunting, along with a towed sonar array which is capable of operating at variable depths and placed in the stern. Excellent article. Their Light AA artillery consisted of six semi-automatic 45 mm/46 (1.7 in) 21-K AA guns. Nominal capacity was 106-tonnes per hour of superheated steam, working at 25 kg/cm2 (2,452 kPa; 356 psi) of pressure. They were to be of the same appearance as Prinz Eugen. Pressured steam came from six license-built Yarrow-Normand type water-tube boilers. This proved a colossal burden, and it will be much reinforced thereafter, up to 7880 tons and even 7970 on the Voroshilov, 1/8 increase. Thus a new, much larger vessel was desired and the development of Kirov class was started. Kirov — Soviet promo premium Tier V cruiser. The name was used for the Soviet aircraft carrying cruiser presently in service. The lead vessel ie Kirov also has a pair of SS-N-14 ie Silex ASW missile launchers on the bow, the rest feature Tor SR-SAM in its place. Kirov can run at top speed for only a certain amount of time and is dependent on regular fuel for it. The S300 cells deploy the 5V55RM missile with a range of 9km – 100km and possible engagements upto 25,000ft. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Data is revolutionizing the maritime industry, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Indian Navy deploys warhsips, divers to find missing pilot, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, PHOTO GALLERY #35: Bizhou, frigate of the People's Liberation Army Navy. The Kirov Class provides the capability to engage large surface ships and to defend the fleet against air and submarine attack. Kirov (Russian: Киров) was a Project 26 Kirov -class cruiser of the Soviet Navy that served during the Winter War, World War II and into the Cold War. That was hardly the selling point of the design: The weak Kirov’s scheme formed a boxed ‘raft’ around the vitals. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Both flanks were closed by a waterline belt. She was a big vessel, too big for the docks she was assigned to and hence she was always anchored away from shore. https://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=515 http://navsource.narod.ru/photos/02/066/index.html http://wio.ru/fleet/ww2cruiser.htm https://www.world-war.co.uk/russia/kirov.php3 3d view (WT) laststandonzombieisland.com more about the Kalinin, Your email address will not be published. The steering gear was armored box was increased to 30 mm (1.2 in). The helicopters can act as over the horizon sensors looking for enemy aircraft, missiles, vessels and submarines at a standoff distance. Their armor scheme was singular, with a joint between the armour deck and the belt. They received extensive refits, including new weapons like Harpoons and Tomahawks which supplemented the legacy 16inch guns she was designed with. They were put into service in the Pacific fleet, but remained inactive during the short hostilities against Japan in July-August 1945. The end result was the blast affected their accuracy terribly. Vann7 wrote:IMO if the Kirov class will not have at least S-400s.. with decent range defenses , they should not bother with it.. and save the money..for a brand new state of the art destroyer or 2-3 new Gorhkov Frigates. The first two cruisers of the Kirov class were the first laid down in the interwar for the Soviet Navy. Interestingly, Frunze recently received a coat of paint and minor repairs, which hints towards a possible refit. Certain elements not to scale. They were mated on the same mount, therefore no individual elevation was possible. This pic compares the sensors on 3 Kirovs, Top Dome is marked in green, Top Pair in yellow, Top Plate in blue, Top Steer in pink and Flap Lid in black. And they were of Italian design. It would have been a much larger vessel compared to the Project 1144. good point there Epsilon, WW1 and WW2 battleships are my strong suit anyways. Range was 38,000 m (42,000 yd). The S400F fires the 9M96 series of missiles, with a maximum 120km range, with active radar homing, thus removing the need for missile directors like the Top Dome and Flap Lid. Put new text under old text. The Kirov-class superbattlecruisers were once the largest sea-based warships in the Russian Navy, but since have been rendered the smallest ship with the creation of the Moscow-class Superbattleship. Your email address will not be published. On board aviation Author’s illustration of the Beriev-2 KOR-I. There rumors that Russia plans of reintroducing all 4 of them into service but this has however been changed several times. Note: The Gorky class will be the object of a dedicated post in the future. The Kirov class has 2 KN-3 nuclear … Molotov was in the same position by 1942. Propulsion: The Ticonderoga class has General Electric LM2500 gas turbine engines that give it a top speed of 32.5 knots. Soviet-era Kirov class Nuclear Guided Missile Cruiser. Mean while, Peter the Great soldiers on as the most powerful non-carrier naval vessel afloat. However no float plane was available then, but the KOR-1 which only entered service in September 1939. Endurance was 2,140 nm (Kirov) to 4,220 nautical miles and 4,860 mi at 18 knots. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! This was a mobilization class with 7 ships ordered for the first batch, laid down in 1938-40. The ship requires a crew of over 700 to run it at peak efficiency. She was later refloated and towed to safety, repaired, completed, renamed Tallin in late 1943 and was back in action in the offensive against Leningrad in 1944, then served as training ship. Or an Extra Yasen Class Submarine. It sports cells for P-700, S300F, Osa, Silex etc and RBU ASW rocket launchers. But despite of this, the Navy’s requirements in terms of cruisers did not required more than what was already defined as a “treaty cruiser”. The sheer size of the ships mean that they have plenty of space for a command, control and communications (C³) outfit, and could serve as effective fleet flagships. Your email address will not be published. Kirov class cruisers sport a variety of sensors giving them good all round situational awareness. The Italians initial proposal was woefully under-protected. For protection, they were compartments of alternating boiler rooms and engine rooms. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. Ural seen during her glorious days. The top speed is pretty mediocre while using nuclear propulsion only. The gun complete with its pedestal, weighed 507 kg (1,118 lb). 2 Parsons turbines, 6 Yarrow-Normand boilers, 113,000 hp. She would survive the war and be disarmed in 1972. Among modern warships, they are second in size only to large aircraft carriers, and of similar size to a World War I era battleship. They sport a very large superstructure slightly towards the later half of the hull, with the frontal section dedicated to armament. They were therefore completed after the conflict in 1949-50. AA armament Provision was 600 rounds per gun of all types, including the BR-240 AP, and light HE F-73. Also Lend-Lease quadruple Vickers .50 machine gun on MK III mounts were fitted on Baltic and Black Sea ships, either one or two. This new vessel would be designated Project 1144, and have a displacement close to 9000 tonnes with an armament of P-120 missiles for surface warfare and S300 for taking out aerial targets. Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). Re: Upgraded Kirov class: Project 11442 [Admiral Nakhimov] The-thing-next-door on Tue Aug 18, 2020 4:11 pm The Kashtan missiles count towards the defensive missile armament of the ship when it is engaged with missiles. The Kirov class's main weapons are 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) missiles mounted in deck, designed to engage large surface targets. The shaft drove each a three-bladed 4.7-metre (15 ft) bronze propeller. Heavy Cruisers successes against warplanes (confirmed by Luftwaffe archives): 23/Aug/1941 Unidentified German reconnaissance plane shot down by Kirov, over Tallinn. The number of modules of either Redut or the Redut-M which can be fitted in place of existing S300F cells is also going to be more than what the Kirovs presently sport thus improving their self defense and area defense capabilities. The Russian heavy missile cruise ship, Project 1144.2 Kirov Class was built by the Baltic Shipyard in Saint Petersburg. The Kirov class's main weapons are 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) missiles mounted in deck, designed to engage large surface targets. The power-plant was also revised and produced 129,500 hp but with an unchanged top speed of 35 knots. Another attempt was made to separate the roles of anti-sub and anti-surface warfare just before the construction of Kirov began. 9 x 180 mm (3×3), 6 x 100 mm, 6 x 45 mm AA, 4 x 12,7 mm, 6 x 533 mm TTs (2×3), 3 airplanes. My understanding is that although she is pretty much the size of a WW2 era battleship, she was classified as a cruiser to satisfy international treaties for ships passing through the Bosporus. Gunnery includes a single 130mm gun on the stern for all vessels except Kirov which sports 2 100mm guns. Kalinin and Kaganovich were launched at Komsomolsk on the Amur, but were towed to Vladivostok for completion because of their draft. It can probably guide 6 missiles towards 3 different targets. The three electrically powered 236-247 tonnes MK-3-180 triple turrets housed three 57-calibre 180 mm B-1-P guns. Main armament Although impressive on paper, the final result was really not up to the expectations. Such twin turret was produced in 1933, and the chief Italian designer of Ansaldo guaranteed a speed of 37 knots within the 7200 tons limit. This missile was the apex of Soviet missile technology, following the ideology that a million dollar missile can sink a billion dollar carrier. The World War II Database is founded and managed by C. Peter Chen of Lava Development, LLC. But she survived and was repaired temporarily in Leningrad, stayed in drydock but defending herself meanwhile against German air attacks. Several combat vessels of various tonnage and roles were under construction. This pic of Kalini shows 2 helos on the deck, with the hangar doors opened. Frunze has 2 Tor launchers instead of the twin Silex launcher. he jumped on a mine in November 1942 and was sent for repairs to Batum, but in early 1945 he was still there. Kashtan and Ak-630 are used for point defense. The turret designer afterwards claimed it was even possible to fit three barrels instead of two, although solidarity. By 1942 she still had not been completed and the Germans attacked and sunk her in Leningrad. They had a launch capacity of 2,750 kg (6,060 lb), the plane being thrown up to 125 km/h (78 mph). They fired a 45Ã386 mm. He remained in service until 1976-77 as a training ship. Political pressures, treaty considerations and international bargaining, however, led to their eventual construction as Class A ships on the grounds that the USSR had laid down the Kirov class. Kirov class Battlecrusier ISOT to WW2. So they even never met a 10,000 ton displacement fully loaded, let alone standard. Traverse bulkheads were 50 mm (2.0 in) as well as the decks. Soviet Navy cruiser Molotov firing in 1942 (cc). The later ZK-1a catapult successfully launched a Supermarine Spitfire fighter ad the last serie Project 26bis2 was given an improved ZK-2b, eventually removed by 1947. They were the primary command and control vessels of the Soviet navy. The standard-issue 0.5-in “Dushka”. Another speculated update is the replacement of the old S300F batteries with newer Redut based S400F. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Voroshilov reach a full knot more on trials but designed top speed was 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph). Following the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, the ship was based at Ust-Dvinsk near Riga and covered minelaying activities by destroyers in the Irben Straits. Depending of the type of ammunition, muzzle velocity varied greatly: 335 m/s (1,100 ft/s) for the HE, up to 880 m/s (2,900 ft/s) for the OT-133 Fragmentation-traced type. What is common b/w INS Kolkata, HMS Daring, RNNS Nansen?? They provided plans of their latest design, the Raimondo Montecuccoli-class cruisers to be studied. Their 45 mm AA artillery received two additional mounts. Since the model is optimized for 1/1800th scale, it is not ideal to print larger versions due to a lack of detail. The idea was to have a bit more range and hitting power than the classic 6-in while being a bit faster than the harder-hitting 8-in. Despite her small displacement, she is equipped with powerful long-range main guns and has good speed. The Kirov class, Soviet designation Project 1144 Orlan, is a class of nuclear-powered guided missile cruisers of the Soviet Navy and Russian Navy, the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships in operation in the world. Tor cells are also seen on the sides of the helo deck on all vessels except Kirov, which sports Kashtan in its place. ( cc ) warship of the helo deck on all vessels except Kirov which sports Kashtan its. ( 1943 ), started both in 1939 and renamed Petropavlovsk guns and six torpedo tubes with... 15-20Kn or together for high speed ops over 30kn six cruisers built in USSR were the Kirov can carry Ka-27. But designed top speed was 36 knots on the deck edge was tapered... Can act as over the horizon sensors looking for new targets to manage a growing fleet but... Was desired and the Molotov in June 1941 S300FM with a full knot more trials! Aimed at countering the US-NATO naval might planned for the first modern interwar cruisers built in 1960s. 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